At the Department of Energy Sciences, research and teaching are carried out in energy engineering, mainly the transformation of energy to heat, electricity and propulsion, but also energy distribution and use. The common aim of all research at the Department is to develop resource-efficient solutions that save money and spare the environment. About 80 employees are working at the department.
Research is made in the following areas:
In the field of Combustion Engines, researchers are developing engines for vehicles. Most research is being carried out on the HCCI (Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition) engine, the next generation of combustion in engines, but today’s Otto engines (petrol) and diesel engines are also being studied. A large proportion of the research into HCCI engines is concerned with regulation and control of the combustion process in collaboration with other groups in Combustion Physics, Laser Diagnostics and Automatic Control.
Keywords: Otto engines, diesel engines, Stirling engines, HCCI, fuel distribution, combustion, flow and gas exchange, exhaust, emissions
Efficient Energy Systems
Research in Efficient Energy Systems involves the efficient and environmentally friendly use of energy, especially in systems using energy supplied through pipelines, i.e. grid-based energy systems, such as district heating and energy gas, which require extensive infrastructure. The subject is technology-based, but economic, organisational and behavioural aspects of importance for understanding the interaction between technology and society are also studied.
Keywords: energy efficient, district heating, district cooling, power economizing, electricity use, gas technology, grid-based energy systems, heat distribution
Researchers in Fluid Mechanics are studying how flows in gases and liquids behave under the influence of various forces. An important area of research is the calculation of chaotic, turbulent flows (e.g. in gas turbines), which often lead to better mixing, but are more difficult to model than laminar flow. Another important aspect is to be able to control the chemical transformation of air and fuel in the combustion process. Applications are mostly found in engines, but also in medicine, for example, in blood vessels.
Keywords: laminar, turbulent, compressible, incompressible, inert and reactive flows
Heat Transfer is a classic, basic subject dealing with the mathematical and physical properties that govern the transfer or heat between gases, liquids and other materials. Research in this field at LTH is directed towards solutions that give compact, durable heat exchangers, fuel cells for electricity and heat production (SOFC), and propulsion (PEM, Polymer Electrolyte Membrane) technology, as well as heat transfer in gas turbines.
Keywords: thermodynamics, heat exchangers, fuel cells, phase transformation, convective heat transfer, CFD, computational fluid dynamics, heat pumps
Thermal Power Engineering
In Thermal Power Engineering, researchers are studying new means of converting fuel to electricity and heat in an environmentally friendly way. System studies of power plants and their components (boilers, steam and gas turbines, pumps, heat exchangers and fuel cells) are being studied, both newly built plants and in the modification of existing plants. The group has a leading position in gas-turbine-based thermodynamic processes, e.g. hybrid systems using gas turbines and solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology.
Keywords: biofuel, combustion, boilers, gas turbines, steam turbines, evaporative gas turbine cycles, SOFC-hybrid, condition monitoring, system studies, power and heating technology