Joint and Double degree
From 1 July 2010, it is possible for Swedish universities to arrange PhD education in cooperation with one or more Higher Education Institutions (HEI:s) that leads to joints degrees (Swedish: gemensamma examina).
Within Europe there are different definitions of joint degrees and national rules and regulations may limit the possibilities in this respect. If a potential partner HEI is subject to such limitations, then it is easier to opt for a double degree arrangement.
Joint degrees refers to two degrees that are based on one PhD programme leading to one publically defended thesis and one diploma document. Double degrees refers to two degrees that are based on two partially overlapping doctoral programmes leading to at least one publically defended thesis and two diploma documents.