The word bibliometrics is a compound of the Greek words biblion (book) and metron (measurement, instrument to measure with). Within bibliometrics, science and research are studied with the help of mathematical and statistical methods. Starting out with the concepts publishing and citing data and using bibliometric indicators, it is possible to highlight questions concerning productivity, impact, and influence as well as social and intellectual structures within different research areas.
Bibliometrics is used to an increasing extent to evaluate research and the distribution of research funding.
More about bibliometrics at the Lund University Library website