Today’s energy supply is dominated by fossil fuels. Research into combustion processes and bioenergy are examples of important areas at LTH. Leading research groups are also working on the development of methods for ethanol and biogas production.
Climate control in buildings accounts for 40% of Sweden’s total energy use. Research is being carried out to improve the energy efficiency of both future and existing buildings. The overall goal is to design energy-efficient buildings that can be constructed at a reasonable cost, without having negative effects on their function, indoor climate, durability or safety.
Cars, buses and lorries satisfy most of our transport needs today. The development of more fuel-efficient vehicles causing minimal effects on the environment is of high priority. Research is being carried out in cooperation with industry on combustion engines, hybrid vehicles and catalytic exhaust purification.
The amount of energy used by industry in Sweden is about 150 TWh per year. Demands are being made to reduce the amount of energy used through more efficient processes, to use more energy from renewable resources, and to make use of surplus energy from industry. Energy use in the processing industry is thus an important area of research.
Modern society is dependent on infrastructure for all kinds of transport, including the transmission of energy and information transfer. Such systems are highly complicated, making them special cases of engineering systems. Our attention has been drawn to the dependence of one kind of infrastructure on another, and this constitutes an important area for risk and vulnerability analysis.
Energy Conversion & Energy Systems
The whole chain, from conversion to the final use of energy, is being studied, both in detail and its entirety. Examples are power generation, heat transfer, solar energy, the national electricity grid, district heating, distributed energy transformation and broader energy systems studies.
The development of a society is governed partly by engineering solutions, and partly by the decisions made at various levels in society, by various actors. Research in this area covers systems analysis, environmental economics, sociology, economic history, innovation systems, policy analysis, etc. Researchers from a large number of scientific areas and faculties at Lund University collaborate in these studies.
Transport is responsible for an increasing proportion of carbon dioxide emissions. Extensive research is being carried out in areas such as public transport, choice of mode of transport, logistics, sustainable mobility, and other factors that can lead to more efficient use of energy and reduce emissions.